-OK,Speaking of the tach, do not turn the stud that the tach wire hooks to on the alternator even a tiny bit or you will break off the wire inside the alternator and your tach wont work until you open up the alternator and solder the wire back on.
These alternators are as basic as they can be. A few diodes and a couple of bearings and some brushes, that's it. Good idea to grease the bearings when you split one open.
-So it should be sending 14V to the battery when running, 12V when not running?Its as simple as a voltage check across the battery when the engine is off,and then when it's running to confirm whether the alternator is actually charging,not charging or over-charging.