Who's profiting from the Iraq war? - Mercedes-Benz Forum

Reply
 
LinkBack Thread Tools Display Modes
post #1 of 28 (permalink) Old 09-05-2007, 05:04 AM Thread Starter
BenzWorld Veteran
 
Date registered: Oct 2005
Vehicle: 79 300SD
Location: Pittsburgh, PA
Posts: 637
Mentioned: 0 Post(s)
Quoted: 0 Post(s)
(Thread Starter)
Who's profiting from the Iraq war?

Who's profiting from the Iraq war? - MSN Money

Military contractors that set up utilities, prepare food or make bulletproof vests are getting a big boost from the conflict. Here's who's getting the most money.

By Michael Brush

In a few weeks, Gen. David Petraeus and the Bush administration will report to Congress on the progress of the U.S. military's troop surge in Iraq.

But some of the war's winners are already clear: military contractors who supply everything from bodyguards to bombs, clean socks to ready-to-eat meals. "For the companies involved, this has been a real gravy train," says William Hartung, who tracks defense spending for the New America Foundation.

The White House has proposed military spending of $647 billion in 2008. Adjusted for inflation, that would be the highest level since World War II -- topping even expenditures during Vietnam and the Reagan years, calculates Hartung. The current request for Iraq-related spending for 2008 is $116 billion, which would raise total Iraq war spending to $567 billion.

Who's getting all that money? Sometimes it can be difficult to tell. "There isn't good visibility on where the money goes," says Steven Kosiak of the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments. But you can get a snapshot of who's been getting a good chunk of the Iraq-related spending in two ways.

Talk back: What's your view on companies that profit from the Iraq war?

The first step is to scour a vast database of more than $400 billion in annual government contracts, more than 70% of which are from the Department of Defense. It's called the Federal Procurement Data System. I turned to a private contractor of my own, Eagle Eye, for some (free) expert assistance in navigating the database.

Eagle Eye mined the database for all Iraq-related contracts from 2003 through 2006 (the most recent year for which numbers are available). That catches everything from spending on base maintenance and bulletproof vests to ammo and combat boots. We tallied the numbers to find the top 10 companies out of thousands of contractors.

The second step is to look at the Pentagon's own budget to see which companies are building the major weapons systems that support the war in Iraq.

The Top 10
It's no surprise that KBR Inc. (KBR, news, msgs), a division of Halliburton (HAL, news, msgs) during the years we examined, tops the first list, compiled by Eagle Eye, with $17.2 billion in Iraq-related war revenue for 2003-2006. KBR is one of the largest construction and energy field-service companies in the world. It has a long history of collaborating with the U.S. government on war-related construction.

Videos: Recent news on Halliburton
In Iraq, KBR has been working on base construction and maintenance, oil-field repairs, infrastructure projects and logistics support. KBR got about a fifth of its revenue from the Iraq war in 2006, according to our calculations.

"We are proud to serve the troops," says a KBR spokeswoman. "We are providing the troops with essential services and the comforts of home that allow them to stay focused on the dangerous and important missions they face daily."

Continued: The No. 2 slot

But why does a private-equity shop called Veritas Capital Fund take the No. 2 slot? That's easy. It specializes in investing in defense and aerospace companies. So Veritas owns a portfolio of companies -- and has a stake in others -- that pull down big Iraq-related contracts.

DynCorp International (DCP, news, msgs), which Veritas bought in 2005 and spun out last year, offers security services and police training, as well as logistical services. Veritas' McNeil Technologies provides interpreter and translation services to the military and U.S. government agencies in Iraq. Another of its companies, Wornick, supplies military rations.

It's also no big surprise that U.S.-based companies like Washington Group International (WNG, news, msgs), Fluor (FLR, news, msgs), Perini (PCR, news, msgs) and Parsons are on our top 10 list. They've landed many of the contracts to restore, repair and maintain oil fields, power plants, schools, public water systems and military bases. But the award of contracts to build the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad to First Kuwaiti General Trading & Contracting left many analysts scratching their heads.

Environmental Chemical does munitions disposal, while International American Products sets up systems that deliver electricity to military camps. L3 Communications (LLL, news, msgs) offers security screening services, linguists, training and law-enforcement services, and some equipment replacement.

10 companies making the most in Iraq* (millions of dollars) Rank Company Amount

2003
2004
2005
2006
Total

1.
KBR Inc. (KBR, news, msgs) and Halliburton (HAL, news, msgs)
$2,550
$5,809
$4,505
$4,362
$17,226

2.
Veritas Capital Fund
0.7
208
850
386
1,444

3.
Washington Group International (WNG, news, msgs)
111
205
533
82
931

4.
Environmental Chemical
0
192
360
326
878

5.
International American Products
58
283
310
108
759

6.
Fluor (FLR, news, msgs)
116
413
123
105
757

7.
Perini (PCR, news, msgs)
72
312
185
81
650

8.
Parsons
0
248
120
172
540

9.
First Kuwaiti General Trading & Contracting
0
7
469
24
500

10.
L-3 Communications (LLL, news, msgs)
1
9
148
201
359



*Goods and services contracted specifically for Iraq. Source: Eagle Eye

Two companies that have seen their revenue shoot up the most in the ongoing military buildup -- largely because of Iraq-related spending -- are Armor Holdings and Renco, according to Hartung's calculations. They don't make our list because their overall defense-related revenue is too small. But they have done phenomenally well.

Armor Holdings, which sells vehicle and personnel armor, saw defense-related revenue shoot up 2,747% between 2001 and 2006, to $634.9 million. Armor is now a division of BAE Systems (BAESY, news, msgs).

Renco, which makes the extra-wide all-terrain vehicle known as the Humvee, saw Defense Department revenue rise 1,260% over the same period, to $1.9 billion.

Misspent funds
Not all of the Iraq-war money is well spent. "Because of the urgency of the war, a lot of these contracts have been subject to less scrutiny," says Hartung. Another problem is that the war has been funded outside of the regular defense budget process. Instead, it gets funded through "emergency" spending bills called supplementals, which offer much less detail and get less scrutiny on Capitol Hill.

Hartung believes we've only seen the tip of the iceberg in allegations of fraud and corruption related to Iraq war spending. "Congress is starting to look into it, but it has not yet gotten down to specific questions," says Hartung.

Details of wrongdoing are being uncovered by the Office of the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction, and you can also find summaries of misconduct here.

Hidden winners
Of course, there's a vast collection of military hardware and technology from fighter jets and naval vessels to spy satellites that are used in the Iraq war effort. But they're paid for by the broader Pentagon budget, so they won't show up in a scan of the federal procurement database for Iraq-related spending.

To see who has benefited from the underlying buildup in defense spending under the Bush administration for the Iraq war and other anti-terror and defense efforts, I calculated who got the most in Department of Defense contracts from 2002 through 2006. You can see the top seven in my second chart.

U.S. Department of Defense contracts* (billions of dollars) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Total
1
Lockheed Martin (LMT, news, msgs)
$17
$22
$20.7
$19.4
$26.6
$105.7

2
Boeing (BA, news, msgs)
16.5
17.3
17
18.3
20.3
89.4

3
Northrop Grumman (NOC, news, msgs)
8.7
11.1
11.9
13.5
16.6
61.8

4
General Dynamics (GD, news, msgs)
6.9
8.2
9.6
10.6
10.5
45.8

5
Raytheon (RTN, news, msgs)
7
7.9
8.5
9.1
10
42.5

6
KBR Inc. (KBR, news, msgs)
0.5
3.9
8
5.8
6
24.2

7
United Technologies (UTX, news, msgs)
3.6
4.5
5
5
4.4
22.5

Total defense contracts
171
209
230.7
269
295
1,174.70



*More than $25,000 for any field of operation. Source: Department of Defense

While all of these companies have benefited from the Bush administration's defense spending ramp-up since the terror attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, not all are equally exposed to the Iraq war effort, says defense sector analyst Paul Nisbet of JSA Research.

In addition to ships and Gulfstream planes, General Dynamics (GD, news, msgs) makes ground vehicles and ammunition, so it generates a fair amount of revenue directly from Iraq war spending. But Lockheed Martin (LMT, news, msgs), which is working on next-generation military aircraft and also makes military electronics and satellites, has little direct exposure to the war, says Nisbet. Neither does Northrop Grumman (NOC, news, msgs), which makes ships designed to last three decades or more.

Videos: Recent news on Lockheed Martin
Of all the companies on my second list, KBR saw some of the biggest revenue gains from the Iraq war. It was No. 37 on the Defense Department's top-100 list of military contractors in 2002. By 2006, KBR had climbed to No. 6.

At the time of publication, Michael Brush did not own or control shares of companies mentioned in this column.
Chaw is offline  
Sponsored Links
Advertisement
 
post #2 of 28 (permalink) Old 09-05-2007, 05:20 AM
Membership withdrawn by request
 
Von Vorschlag's Avatar
 
Date registered: Apr 2006
Vehicle: A red Vimana
Location: the pale blue dot
Posts: 19,563
Mentioned: 1 Post(s)
Quoted: 1119 Post(s)
Why did Roosevelt want the war so badly? He wanted it for the same reason every American president since that time has wanted a war, and that is to prevent the US economy from slipping deeper and deeper into economic depression. Counting the Cold War, the United States has been in a continual state of war for the past 60 years, and there is no end in sight. Without war, I do not believe the American economy could survive , with war it's grows.
Attached Images
File Type: jpg 76a_001_thumb.jpg (6.8 KB, 52 views)

Last edited by Von Vorschlag; 09-05-2007 at 05:27 AM.
Von Vorschlag is offline  
post #3 of 28 (permalink) Old 09-05-2007, 05:42 AM
BenzWorld Elite
 
FeelTheLove's Avatar
 
Date registered: Sep 2004
Vehicle: 83 Astral Silver 280 SL
Location: Planet Houston
Posts: 28,829
Mentioned: 0 Post(s)
Quoted: 8 Post(s)
I would say you are completely, 100% correct.

Recall that earlier generations faced down fascism and communism not just with missiles and tanks, but with sturdy alliances and enduring convictions. They understood that our power alone cannot protect us, nor does it entitle us to do as we please. Instead, they knew that our power grows through its prudent use; our security emanates from the justness of our cause, the force of our example, the tempering qualities of humility and restraint.

-President Barack Obama, 1st Inaugural address
FeelTheLove is offline  
post #4 of 28 (permalink) Old 09-05-2007, 06:23 AM
BenzWorld Elite
 
Bruce R.'s Avatar
 
Date registered: Aug 2002
Vehicle: 2002 SLK 32 AMG, bone stock. 1987 190E 2.3-16 valve (destroyed). 2005 E320 new toy.
Location: Near Washington, DC
Posts: 14,926
Mentioned: 0 Post(s)
Quoted: 41 Post(s)
Occasionally we learn from others............

1800 War of the Castes in Haiti
1801 War of the Oranges
1801-1805 First Barbary War
1801-1807 Temme War
1802-1805 Second War of Haitian Independence
1802-1805 Second Anglo-Maratha War
1803-1804 British Expedition to Ceylon
1803 Emmet's Insurrection
1803-1815 Napoleonic Wars
1805 War of the Third Coalition
1806-1807 War of the Fourth Coalition
1806-1812 Russo-Turkish War
1807-1809 Anglo-Turkish War
1807-1814 Peninsular War
1807-1814 Gunboat War (aka Seven Years' War)
1807-1809 First Norwegian-Swedish War
1814 Second Norwegian-Swedish War
1807-1812 Anglo-Russian War
1809 War of the Fifth Coalition
1812 Franco-Russian War
1813 War of Liberation, 1813
1813-1814 War of the Sixth Coalition
1815 Neapolitan War
1815 War of the Seventh Coalition (aka the Hundred Days War)
1804-1806 First Serbian Uprising
1804-1810 Fulani War in Nigeria
1804-1813 Russo-Persian War, 1804-13
1804-1835 Black War
1805-1811 Egyptian Revolution
1805 Janissaries' Revolt
1805 Haitian Invasion of Santo Domingo
1806-1807 British invasions of the RĂ*o de la Plata
1806-1807 Ashanti-Fante War
1806-1811 Christophe's Secession
1806 Vellore Mutiny Vellore battle of independence from British
1806 Second Convict Rebellion
1807-1808 Janissaries' Revolt
1807-1814 Spanish Rebellion
1807-1818 Mtetwa Empire Expansion
1808-1809 The Finnish War
1808-1809 Santo Dominican Restoration
1808 Bantam Conquest
1809-1825 Bolivian Independence War
1809-1810 Tyrolean rebellion

1810 - 1819
1810-1819 Colombian War of Independence
1810-1816 Argentine War of Independence
1810-1811 Anglo-Dutch Java War
1810-1817 Merina Conquest: Madagascar
1810-1820 Punjab War
1810 Chilean Revolt
1810 Conquest of Hawaii
1810-1818 Amadu's Jihad
1929 Lamu Expansion
1810-1821 Mexican War of Independence
1811 4th Cape Frontier War
1811 Ga-Fante War
1811 Banda Oriental Occupation
2003-1812 Korean Revolt
1811 Owu War
1811 Tecumseh's War
1811-1818 Ottoman-Saudi War
1811-1825 BolĂ*var's War
1371-1812 Venezuelan War of Independence
1813-1814 BolĂ*var in Venezuela 1813-14
1892-2005 friend war of 1892-2005
1816-1817 BolĂ*var in Venezuela 1816-18
1819-1820 BolĂ*var in New Granada
1821 BolĂ*var in Venezuela 1821
1822 Republican Campaign in Ecuador
1824-1825 Republican Campaign in Bolivia
1812-1815 War of 1812
1814-1816 The Gurkha War
1814-1816 Ashanti Invasion of the Gold Coast
1814-1824 San Martin's War
1814-1826 Chilean War of Independence
1815 Second Barbary War
1815-1817 Second Serbian Uprising
1817-1864 Caucasian War
1817-1818 Third Anglo-Maratha War
1817-1819 Zulu Civil War
1818-1819 5th Cape Frontier War
1818-1828 Zulu Wars of Conquest

1820 - 1829
1820-1823 Spanish Civil War, 1820-1823
1821-1831 Greek War of Independence
1821-1823 Turko-Persian War
1821-1837 Padri War in Indonesia
1823-1826 First Burmese War
1824 Peruvian War of Independence
1825-1828 Russo-Persian War, 1825-1828
1825-1828 Argentina-Brazil War, Brazil against Argentina Confederation and Uruguayan partisans.
1825-1830 Java War
1828-1829 Gran Colombia-Peru War
1828-1834 Liberal Wars
1828-1829 Russo-Turkish War, 1828-1829

1830 - 1839
1830 July Revolution in France
1830-1831 Polish-Russian war following November Uprising
1830-1839 Belgian Revolution
1832 Black Hawk War
1832-1841 Egyptian-Ottoman War
1833-1840 First Carlist War
1834-1836 6th Cape Frontier War
1835 Toledo War
1835-1836 Texas Revolution
1835-1845 War of Tatters
1836-1839 War of the Confederation
1837-1838 Patriot War
1837-1838 Rebellions of 1837 in Canada
1837-1838 Lower Canada Rebellion
1837-1838 Upper Canada Rebellion
1838 Zulu-Boer War
1838 Mormon War
1838 Pastry War
1838-1839 Aroostook War
1839 Honey War
1839-1842 First Anglo-Afghan War
1839-1842 First Opium War

1840 - 1849
1843-1872 Several Maori Land Wars in New Zealand
1843 Wairau Massacre
1845-1847 First Maori War
1845-1846 Flagstaff War (aka Northern War)
1846 Hutt Valley Campaign
1847 Wanganui Campaign
1860-1861 First Taranaki War
1863-1864 Invasion of the Waikato
1864 Tauranga Campaign
1864-1866 Second Taranaki War
1865-1868 East Cape War
1868-1869 Titokowaru's War
1868-1872 Te Kooti's War
1845-1846 First Anglo-Sikh War
1846 7th Cape Frontier War
1846-1848 Mexican-American War
1846-1849 Second Carlist War
1848-1866 Italian Independence wars
1848-1849 First Italian Independence War, Kingdom of Sardinia allied with other Italian states against Austria
1859 Second Italian Independence War, Sardinia and France against Austria
1866 Third Italian Independence War, Unified Italy against Austria
1848-1849 Second Anglo-Sikh War
1848-1849 Hungarian Revolt of 1848
1848-1851 First Schleswig War (aka First Danish-German War, aka Three Years' War)

1850 - 1859
1850-1864 Taiping Rebellion
1851-1853 8th Cape Frontier War
1852 Brazil, Uruguay's Colorado government and Entre RĂ*os and Corrientes (Argentinean provinces)against Argentinean government under Brigadier General Juan Manuel de Rosas.
1852 Second Burmese War
1854-1856 Crimean War
1856-1857 Campaign of 1856-1857
1856-1860 Second Opium War
1856-1857 Anglo-Persian War
1857-1858 Indian Mutiny
1857-1858 Utah War
1857-1901 Caste War of Yucatán
1859 Austro-Sardinian War
1859-1863 Federal War (Guerra Federal) in Venezuela.

1860 - 1869
1860-1873 Russian Conquests of Central Asia
1860-1861 Second Maori War
1861-1867 Franco-Mexican War
1863-1865 January Uprising in Poland.
1863-1868 Japanese Civil War
1863-1866 Third Maori War
1864 Second Schleswig War (aka Second Danish-German War)
1864-1868 Snake War
1864-1870 War of the Triple Alliance (aka Paraguay War)
1865-1866 Chincha Islands War (Spain against Chile and Peru)
1866 Austro-Prussian War (aka Seven Weeks War)
1866-1868 Red Cloud's War
1868-1869 Boshin War in Japan
1868-1878 Ten Years' War

1870 - 1879
1870-1871 Franco-Prussian War
1872-1873 Modoc War
1873-1904 Aceh War, Netherlands colonial war in Aceh (aka Thirty Years War)
1873-1874 Second Ashanti War
1874-1875 Red River War
1877 Satsuma Rebellion in Satsuma, Japan
1877-1878 9th Cape Frontier War
1877-1878 Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78
1878-1880 Second Anglo-Afghan War
1879 Anglo-Zulu War
1879-1884 War of the Pacific

1880 - 1889
1880-1881 First Boer War
1884-1885 Franco-Chinese War
1884-1899 the Mahdist War
1885 North-West Rebellion
1885 Serbo-Bulgarian War
1885-1887 Third Anglo-Burmese War

1890 - 1899
1890 Dog Tax War in New Zealand
1891 Chilean Civil War
1893-1894 Rif War (1893)
1894-1895 First Sino-Japanese War
1895-1896 First Italo–Ethiopian War
1895-1898 Cuban War of Independence
1896 Anglo-Zanzibar War
1896-1898 Philippine Revolution
1897 First Greco-Turkish War, (aka the Thirty Days' War)
1897-1900 Boxer Rebellion in China
1897-1898 Anglo-Pathan War

Want some more?

"Negotiating with Obama is like playing chess with a pigeon, the pigeon knocks over all the pieces, on the board and then struts around like it won the game."
Vladimir Putin

"They have gun control in Cuba. They have universal health care in Cuba. So why do they want to come here?"
Paul Harvey 8/31/94


"The only people who have quick answers don't have the responsibility of making the decisions."
Justice Clarence Thomas
Bruce R. is offline  
post #5 of 28 (permalink) Old 09-05-2007, 06:34 AM
Membership withdrawn by request
 
Von Vorschlag's Avatar
 
Date registered: Apr 2006
Vehicle: A red Vimana
Location: the pale blue dot
Posts: 19,563
Mentioned: 1 Post(s)
Quoted: 1119 Post(s)
A major difference between Britain and the US is Britain wins most of it's wars . Do you want more ? hehhehe
Von Vorschlag is offline  
post #6 of 28 (permalink) Old 09-05-2007, 06:51 AM
BenzWorld Elite
 
Bruce R.'s Avatar
 
Date registered: Aug 2002
Vehicle: 2002 SLK 32 AMG, bone stock. 1987 190E 2.3-16 valve (destroyed). 2005 E320 new toy.
Location: Near Washington, DC
Posts: 14,926
Mentioned: 0 Post(s)
Quoted: 41 Post(s)
Quote:
Originally Posted by Von Vorschlag
A major difference between Britain and the US is Britain wins most of it's wars . Do you want more ? hehhehe
I don't think Britain has won many wars with the U.S. have they, and unless I'm mistaken, the biggest wars they fought required help from United States as well..
Would you like more?

"Negotiating with Obama is like playing chess with a pigeon, the pigeon knocks over all the pieces, on the board and then struts around like it won the game."
Vladimir Putin

"They have gun control in Cuba. They have universal health care in Cuba. So why do they want to come here?"
Paul Harvey 8/31/94


"The only people who have quick answers don't have the responsibility of making the decisions."
Justice Clarence Thomas
Bruce R. is offline  
post #7 of 28 (permalink) Old 09-05-2007, 07:05 AM
Membership withdrawn by request
 
Von Vorschlag's Avatar
 
Date registered: Apr 2006
Vehicle: A red Vimana
Location: the pale blue dot
Posts: 19,563
Mentioned: 1 Post(s)
Quoted: 1119 Post(s)
No I don't want anything form you bruce , your worthless , I could learn more from a monkey , but least of all I not interested at having other people threads being dragged down into the gutter buy you ugly bitterness . talk to someone who give a fuck about what you have to say .
Von Vorschlag is offline  
post #8 of 28 (permalink) Old 09-05-2007, 07:11 AM
worst mod in BW history
 
ThrillKill's Avatar
 
Date registered: Apr 2005
Vehicle: ML CLK Iridescent Hyundai Accent lol,GoPed Freightshaker & Volvo semi's, c'mawn?
Location: Chicago
Posts: 27,762
Mentioned: 0 Post(s)
Quoted: 3 Post(s)
Lifetime Premium Member
Quote:
Originally Posted by Von Vorschlag
A major difference between Britain and the US is Britain wins most of it's wars . Do you want more ? hehhehe
You couldn't even beat an upstart nation. I notice you're not wearing red coats on the battlefield anymore though. Wise decision.

ThrillKill is offline  
post #9 of 28 (permalink) Old 09-05-2007, 07:16 AM
BenzWorld Elite
 
Punjabi's Avatar
 
Date registered: Mar 2005
Vehicle: Bandwidth
Location: In Virtual Reality
Posts: 3,256
Mentioned: 0 Post(s)
Quoted: 0 Post(s)
Quote:
Originally Posted by Von Vorschlag
No I don't want anything form you bruce , your worthless , I could learn more from a monkey , but least of all I not interested at having other people threads being dragged down into the gutter buy you ugly bitterness . talk to someone who give a fuck about what you have to say .

heh, heh......looks like that "Voyage to the Poles" is out for these two! heh, heh.....I think Brucy Baby R. has a point there but nice one on your part also! heh, heh........
Punjabi is offline  
post #10 of 28 (permalink) Old 09-05-2007, 07:51 AM
worst mod in BW history
 
ThrillKill's Avatar
 
Date registered: Apr 2005
Vehicle: ML CLK Iridescent Hyundai Accent lol,GoPed Freightshaker & Volvo semi's, c'mawn?
Location: Chicago
Posts: 27,762
Mentioned: 0 Post(s)
Quoted: 3 Post(s)
Lifetime Premium Member
What a jurkha.....heh...heh

ThrillKill is offline  
Sponsored Links
Advertisement
 
Reply

  Mercedes-Benz Forum > General Mercedes-Benz Forums > Off-Topic

Quick Reply
Message:
Options

Register Now



In order to be able to post messages on the Mercedes-Benz Forum forums, you must first register.
Please enter your desired user name, your email address and other required details in the form below.

User Name:
Password
Please enter a password for your user account. Note that passwords are case-sensitive.

Password:


Confirm Password:
Email Address
Please enter a valid email address for yourself.

Email Address:
OR

Log-in











  • Currently Active Users Viewing This Thread: 1 (0 members and 1 guests)
     
    Thread Tools
    Show Printable Version Show Printable Version
    Email this Page Email this Page
    Display Modes
    Linear Mode Linear Mode



    Similar Threads
    Topic Author Forum Replies Last Post
    Can the war in Iraq still be won? Teutone Off-Topic 94 06-19-2014 04:02 AM
    Spoils of War in Iraq benz rider Off-Topic 19 08-08-2007 06:05 PM
    Were we lied into the Iraq War? FeelTheLove Off-Topic 94 08-05-2007 06:09 PM
    Who Benefited from the Iraq War? Shabah Off-Topic 42 12-17-2005 05:00 PM
    Anti-Iraq War Soldiers form PAC, begin airing new ad against the War FeelTheLove Off-Topic 8 10-15-2004 12:02 PM

    Posting Rules  
    You may post new threads
    You may post replies
    You may not post attachments
    You may not edit your posts

    BB code is On
    Smilies are On
    [IMG] code is On
    HTML code is Off
    Trackbacks are On
    Pingbacks are On
    Refbacks are On

     

    Title goes here

    close
    video goes here
    description goes here. Read Full Story
    For the best viewing experience please update your browser to Google Chrome