Date registered: Feb 2008
Vehicle: 2004 W220 (S430) ; 2001 R129 (SL500) Sport
Location: Alabama Gulf Coast--formerly Charlottesville, VA
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In general, if a traffic accident occurs on private property (a parking lot) instead of public property (a parking space on the street), and the damage is entirely private property damage and there are no injuries, the police are not required to file a report. In some municipalities they will do so as a courtesy, but it is a civil not criminal matter and the police will not testify. In many places, they refuse to file reports because that tangles the police department up in civil cases which are mostly none of their business.
If you are asking whether a replaced bumper cover will show up on carfax, that is a different question. There are consumer protection laws that require repair shops to report the VIN of cars that have been repaired. These reports are public record, and that is where carfax gets their information. If you have someone who has a brother/dad/cousin/friend in the body repair business, it is entirely possible to have the repair done and not have it reported (and as a result it doesn't show up on carfax). The vendors who supply the replacement parts are not yet required to report they shipped a fender to "Bud's Auto Repair" so it's up to Bud to report the repair. As interlocking information systems get more sophisticated, it will become virtually impossible for someone to repair body damage and not have it show up on a report the buyer can access. Right now, the system is mostly the repair shop's responsibility to make work. (This is based on what I have been told, not what I know--I don't vouch for its complete accuracy.)
"Don't pick a fight with an old man. If he is too old to fight, he'll just kill you."--John Steinbeck