Only if you are VERY persuasive or lucky. It's a shame but the selling dealers if they are MB dealers, usually they won't do it, asserting the "privacy" rights of the previous owner. Actually, it's true of dealers, new or used, of ANY make of car now. I'd still ask, anyway. It can't hurt to ask. There might be a way though., this worked for me). If you can look, or have them look, in the maintenance booklet, assuming it is with the car, and it will contain the stamps of the shops that worked on the car, with the date and mileage the services were performed on the car, get their name and then you can call the shops (if they are still in business) and they might remember the car and the previous owner and be willing to talk about it, and if you go in person to them, (I took time off after I bought the car, in one case and flew to LA) they might even photocopy the service orders, or write them a respectful letter with maybe a $20 bill included for"photocopying costs
. These methods netted me the reconstructed service history on a Benz and a Volvo I bought, from year two on a Benz that had 3 prior owners, and a Volvo in Texsas, from mile zero.
Hugely difficult but hugely gratifying detective work paid off in knowing the complete or almost complete history of the used cars I bought. I especially like having the service records complete from the beginning. But this is hard to get usually.
But it is worth a try. For the Mercedes, at least you can get the MB net inquiry, if the car you are thinking about buying is for sale at a dealer. This will at least show all warranty claims performed at the dealer, but you'll need to have the dealer decode them for you. If you pick up the same code ten times for the same problem, then the car REALLY had problems, it was a lemon. The MB net or Vehicle Master Inquiry (VMI) also includes the code of the original selling dealer, complete options list the car had, date of delivery, build date and more. Worth having, every MB dealer has it, but none of them advertise its existence