your experiences from the E10 fuel deviates from what is generally seen and agreed upon. The ethanol contains extra oxygen, that will be freed during combustion. In low mixing ratios, that more than compensates for the lower energy contens in the alcohol. This is ONE thing that I can conclude after mixing E85 and gasoline for 1,5 years.
Reliability: I have references that have used ethanol fuel for over 10 years and over 200 000 km, which I find to be "time enough".
And of cource you can't know, but due to fuel shortages in WW2, "bentyl" was used in Europe for cars. It was basically E25!
And Brazil is a good example, don't you think? A whole country for decades?
And you are right about us not being able to produce enough E85 at this time. It is however likely, that we in the not-so-distant future can not produce/refine enough petroleum oil either...
A car run on E85 instead will not autmatically produce more toxic emissions. There can be a higher content of HC before the cat "heats up", but they are simpler and less harmful than from gasoline, and dissipates quicker in nature.
On acid rain. This was a major problem for instance in Germany (the Ruhr area springs to mind), but at the time it was discovered, no European country had cathalytic convertors on the cars. Sweden was one of the first, and here it became mandatory in -89. Since then, most of the cars has been replaced with newer cars with this type of emission control, that reduces NOx by 90% or so.
There are also other contributing factors here, where the former East blocks industry is a big one.
I have not myself chosen to call the greenhouse gasses the major issue, the scientific experts agree on human impact on climat. You will of course find some scientists that NOT agree - but you can also still find people that think Darwin was not right.
I do not fully follow your line regarding Sweden and subsidizing (?), but nevertheless: In general western countries import oil from countries that have dictatorship, non democracy, war, lack of human rights, poverty etc. etc.
Many of these countries have exported billilon and billions worth of oil for decades, and still have not managed to create the fundamental conditions for their citizens.
If you produce ethanol on american farms, the farmers will probably use this money, and the money circulates in the american society. Those money will not STAY at the farm, or?
Other stuff than corn can be made for ethanol production (I thought everybody knew this
); potatoes, barley and many other types of biomass.
And even though US is big, it's still shorter from Seattle to Kansas, than to Saudi.
I don't think you got my point on the transports. Today we burn diesel and heavy fuel to transport oil halfway around the world. We COULD use ethanol to transport ethanol within the region or country. There is a difference.
/Alexander from Sweden